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Bodybuilding Terms to Know


BodybuildingPro.com Training Database Advanced Training Tips Bodybuilding Terms to Know




Anyone interested in pursuing bodybuilding or recreational fitness may at first seem overwhelmed with just how much knowledge there is to gain. So many exercises, routines, pieces of advice and terms to learn! However, that is not as overwhleming as you may initially suspect. Below we go over some bodybuilding terms which can help you get started on the right track to a life of health and fitness.

Abduction: Movement of the straight legs, accomplished by contraction of the leg abductor muscles (the sarorius, primarily), from a fully abducted position back to one in which the legs are again pressed together.

Amino Acids: Often called the building blocks of life, amino acids are subunits that join together in sequences to form protein. Amino acids are named as such because they contain both an acid and an amine chemical side unit.

Anabolic: Chemical reaction in the body where smaller subunits are combined to form larger units. As an example, amino acids are joined together to form long polypeptide chains which in turn join to form strands of protein.

Anterior: Used to describe the position of a structure when it is in front of another comparable structure, such as the anterior (or front) deltoid head.

Catabolic: Chemical reactions in the body where larger units are broken down into smaller subunits. As an example, muscle tissue may be broken down into protein strands which, in turn, may be cleaved into individual amino acids.

Cross Training: The participation in two or more sports that can improve performance in each and help achieve a higher level of fitness. For example, weight training and football.

Hyperplasia: The theoretical ability of a single muscle fiber to split into two fibers.

Ligament: The tough connective tissue that strengthens, supports and limits the movement of bones that form joints.

Overload: The amount of weight that you force a muscle to use that is over and above its normal strength ability. Applying an overload to a muscle forces it to increase in hypertrophy.

Posterior: Used to describe the position of a structure when it is behind another comparable structure, as the posterior (or rear) head of the deltoid.

Routine: The term routine is very broad, and encompasses virtually every aspect of what you do in one weight lifting session, including the type of equipment you use, the number of exercises, sets, and repetitions you perform; the order in which you do the exercises; and how much rest you take between sets. You can change the factors within your routine to change your results.

Thermogenesis: Heat production not accounted for by resting metabolic rate or physical activity. Progress by which stored fat is liberated and mobilized so that it can be burned as a fuel source. The most popular bodybuilding thermogenic agents are ephedrine and caffeine. Factors stimulating thermogenesis include food intake, thermogenic substances (such as adrenaline, some drugs, some types of food and some herbs), cold exposure and psychological stress. Thermogenesis normally accounts for around 15% of daily energy expended.


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